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World Council for the Cedars Revolution

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Jul 20th
Home arrow News Content arrow Blog arrow Blog Items arrow Intelligence arrow Resolution adopted by the European Parliament on September 4, 2008, concerning the fate of the PMOI
Resolution adopted by the European Parliament on September 4, 2008, concerning the fate of the PMOI PDF Print E-mail
Written by EU   
Sunday, 07 September 2008

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Please find below an important resolution adopted by the European Parliament on September 4, 2008, concerning the fate of the PMOI members in Ashraf in Iraq.  I draw your attention to paragraphs K and 9.  

There are increasing news that the US is handing over the protection of Ashraf to the Iraqi forces, where it has prompted a widespread international protest.

Best regards

Behzad

PMOI-Ashraf

<EntPE> </EntPE>

2004

2009

Session document

<Date>{25/04/2005}10/05/2005</Date> <NoDocSe>

<TitreType>Resolution on

EXECUTIONS IN IRAN
</
TitreType>

Adopted at the sitting of

Thursday

4 September 2008

The European Parliament,

  having regard to its previous resolutions on Iran, notably those concerning human rights and in particular the resolution on the execution of juvenile offenders in Iran adopted on 19 June 2008,

-    having regard to the Declaration of 13 June 2008 by the Presidency on behalf of the European Union on the execution of Mohammad Hassanzadeh,

 

-    having regard to the Declaration of 18 July 2008 by the Presidency on behalf of the European Union concerning application of the death penalty in Iran,

 

-   having regard to the Declaration of 29 July, 2008, by the Presidency on behalf of the European Union on the execution of 29 people in Evin prison in Iran,

-     h<OptDel>aving regard to Council declaration of 25 August 2008 on the execution by hanging of Reza Hejazi,

-     having regard to the statement of the Presidency of the Council of the European Union on the imminent execution of Behnood Shojaee and of Bahman Soleimanian on19 and 28 August 2008, 

   having regard to the resolutions of the General Assembly of the United Nations, and, in particular, resolution 62/168 of 18 December 2007 on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran and resolution 62/149 of 18 December 2007 on a moratorium on the use of the death penalty,

-    having regard to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination and the Convention on the Rights of the Child to which the Islamic Republic of Iran is a party,

</OptDel>    having regard to Rule 115 of its Rules of Procedure,

A. whereas, according international human right organisations[1], the number of executions carried out in Iran so far this year amount to at least  191, while in 2007, more executions were carried out in Iran – 317 - than in any other country in the world except China, although its population is 18 times smaller,

B.  whereas 29 simultaneous executions took place in Evin prison in Tehran on 27 July 2008,

 

C.  whereas on 10 June 2008 16-year-old Mohannad Hassanzadeh, an Iranian Kurd, was executed for a crime he committed at the age of 14;Whereas on 22 July juvenile offenders Hassan Mozafari and Rahman Shahidi were executed, and on 19 August 2008 19-year-old Reza Hezjazi was hanged for alleged murder which he committed when he was 15 years old; Whereas on 26 August 2008, 19-year-old Behnam Zare was executed for an offence he committed at the age of 15, making him the sixth Juvenile offender to be put to death in Iran in 2008 alone,

D.  whereas neither Zare's nor Hezjazi's family nor the lawyer were notified of the time and place of the scheduled executions, in violation of Iranian law,

E.    whereas juvenile offenders Amir Marollahi, Behnood  Shojaee, Mohammed Fadaei and Bahman Soleimanian, face imminent risk of execution,

 

F.    whereas the execution of juvenile offenders is prohibited under international law, as stated in Article 6(5) of the ICCPR and the Convention on the Rights of the Child;  whereas there are actually at least 130 children and child offenders on death row despite Iran's legal obligations,

 

G.  whereas minorities' rights activists are increasingly exposed to the threat of the death penalty as was the case of Yaghoub Mehrnehad, an ethnic Baluchi and executive director of Voice of Justice Youth Association, who was executed on 4 August 2008, after having confronted local officials in public demanding accountability for their poor performance,

H.  whereas another minorities' rights activist, Kurdish teacher Farzad Kamangar has been condemned to death on charges without evidence of taking up arms against the state,

I.    whereas confessions are often obtained following torture, without access to lawyers and court rulings lack the minimum standards of a fair trial,

J.    whereas on 5 August 2008, the Iranian Judiciary announced the suspension of the use of stoning as a means of execution,

K.  whereas there is reason for concern that members and associates of the Iranian opposition who are regrouped and protected in Camp Ashraf in Northern Iraq by US-led MultiNational Forces under Art. 27 of the IV Geneva Convention are under threat of being expelled or forcibly returned to Iran, where they could face heavy persecution and possibly even the death penalty,

1.   Is profoundly saddened over the recent execution of several juvenile offenders in Iran, making Iran the only country in the world where this grave and inhumane punishment is still practiced in 2008;

2.   Draws particular attention to the fate of Soghra Najafpour who has spent almost the entire past 19 years of her life on death row for a murder which took place when she was 13 years old;

3.    Calls on the Head of the Judiciary Ayatollah Mahmoud Hashemi Sharoudi to systematically commute all death penalties for juvenile offenders,and pleads with the Iranian authorities to notably halt the execution of Amir Marollahi, Behnood Shojaee, Mohammed Fadaei and Bahman Soleimanian;

 

4.    Strongly condemns the growing number of executions and urges the Iranian authorities to establish a moratorium on the death sentence with a view to abolishing the death penalty in accordance with the resolution adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 18 December 2007;

5.   Re-iterates its call on the Members of the Majlis to urgently amend legislation in order to ensure that no one is executed for a crime committed when less than 18 years of age, to raise the age of legal responsibility to international standards and to withdraw its proposed bill to extend the range of offences which carry the death penalty;

6.   Supports legislative efforts in Iran to introduce a separate legislative and court system for juvenile offenders and calls on the members of the Majlis to foresee measures aimed at education and social reintegration of child offenders; calls on the European Commission to support the Iranian authorities in any request for international cooperation in this domain;

7.   Strongly condemns the persecution and imprisonment of citizens in Iran who engage in the defence of human rights, and who campaign against the death penalty, frequently being charged with so-called activities against national security; notably calls for the unconditional release of Emadeddin Baghi, Mohammad Sadegh Kabovand and the commutation of the death sentence of Farzad Kamangar, as well as a re-investigation into his case;

8.   Welcomes the recent announcement of the suspension of stoning as a means of execution, expresses however its concern that in the reform proposal of the Penal Code presently under consideration by Parliament, stoning for adultery is being maintained in certain circumstances and calls on the Members of the Majlis to engage for the full abolition of stoning;

9.    Calls on Iraqi and US authorities not to forcibly return to Iran any Iranian opposition members, refugees and asylum seekers who would be at serious risk of persecution and to notably work together with the UNHCR and others to find a satisfactory long term solution to the situation of those currently in Camp Ashraf; 

10.    Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Government and Parliament of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Council, the Commission, the High Representative for the CFSP, the governments and parliaments of the Member States, the Secretary General of the United Nations, the UN Commission on Human Rights, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, the Government of the United States and of Iraq.



 
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