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World Council for the Cedars Revolution

Aug 09th
Home arrow News Content arrow Blog arrow Blog Items arrow Intelligence arrow Syrians arrive in Tula Russia on SA-22 Pantsir-S1 (Greyhound) SAM Pre-delivery Inspection Visit
Syrians arrive in Tula Russia on SA-22 Pantsir-S1 (Greyhound) SAM Pre-delivery Inspection Visit PDF Print E-mail
Written by KBP, Stratfor, RIAN   
Thursday, 17 April 2008


Syria: A New Air-Defense System, but No Fundamental Change

Rumors are circulating that a Syrian contingent has arrived in Russia to inspect the first batch of new air-defense systems slated for delivery to Syria. Though the Pantsyr system does appear to be a capable asset, it will not alter the strategic picture for Damascus.

A Syrian delegation has arrived in Russia to inspect and accept the first batch of Pantsyr-S1 short-range air-defense systems for delivery, according to reports from Reuters in Russia on April 15 and Iranian state media on April 17 (which have not been confirmed by Russian arms-export monopoly Rosoboronexport).

The Pantsyr(known to NATO as the SA-22 “Greyhound”)is an upgraded version of a late Soviet system, also known as the Tunguska, that was exported to India, Peru, Ukraine and Germany. The latest improvements reportedly were funded by the United Arab Emirates, which took delivery of the first system in 2004. Essentially a point-defense system, each Pantsyr-S1 platform carries twelve surface-to-air missiles with ranges between roughly seven and 13 miles as well as twin 30mm cannons (depending on the variant). The system reportedly is offered for export mounted on either a truck or an armored chassis, or as a fixed installation, and some versions have more robust radar and targeting capabilities than others. The missiles supposedly also have a secondary anti-armor capability.

Given the unconfirmed nature of the sale, it is difficult to determine just which capabilities Moscow has decided to share with Damascus. But whatever the case, the fundamental reality of Syria’s air defense capability remains unchanged: Damascus’ strategic systems are rooted in Soviet-era technology that is four decades old — or more. The upgrade will not change the strategic balance between Syria and its neighbors.

In 2007, Russia’s then-Defense Minister Sergei Ivanov rebutted Israeli claims that the Pantsyr-S1 was already being delivered to Syria, insisting that it would only take place in 2008. Ivanov, now first deputy prime minister, reiterated this timing on March 21, when Tula-based Instrument Making Design Bureau (KPB) CEO Alexander Rybas announced that the Syrian delegation was scheduled to arrive April 15. (Notably, the announcement happened while Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov was touring the Middle East, including a stopover in Damascus.)

Syrian concern over its air defenses is well-founded. Russian technicians reportedly have helped implement some upgrades following the Syrian air-defense network’s near-total failure to react to an Israeli airstrike in eastern Syria on Sept. 6, 2007. At the moment, the Levant is filled with rumors of war, as it appears that Israel may be maneuvering for another battle with Hezbollah in Lebanon. Much is unclear, but Syria is likely to be very much caught in the crossfire of the potential conflict.

However, the Syrian air-defense system’s weaknesses are partially rooted in the hardware (guidance controls, radars, and the like). Some improvements can indeed be made via better networking of the systems, but a far more comprehensive and strategic upgrade would be necessary to alter the permeability of Syrian airspace meaningfully. Given that Syria’s primary concern is the technologically sophisticated Israeli air force, only the acquisition of significant numbers of modern strategic air defense systems such as the S-300 could begin to shift the dynamic. That would be an expensive proposition — something Damascus cannot afford and Russia is not interested in financing.

As such, these Pantsyrs — should they be delivered — will offer some increased defensive capability for high-value targets in Syria, but on the whole will not be able to deny Syrian airspace to outsiders. By themselves, they are not something the Israeli air force, for example, cannot compensate for. If Damascus is lucky, the systems might be able to increase the cost of Israeli airstrikes in Syria by bringing down an Israeli warplane or two — but to do that, the Pantsyrs will have to be operated by proficient, savvy crews. They will have to remain mobile and wait until Israeli planes are within their range before turning on their radar — otherwise, Israel’s anti-radiation Shrike missiles can be launched from well outside the Pantsyrs’ range.

While Moscow’s patronage is absolutely essential for any improvement of Syria’s air defense capability, Russia would have to give a great deal more to alter the picture meaningfully. Syrian air defense crews will have to do more work of their own — work not necessarily characteristic of the sedentary Syrian regular forces — to become proficient with a new system. And while Israel might have to adjust the strike package for a particular high-value target, it still retains the capability to operate in Syrian airspace with impunity.











Russia to deliver 24 Pantsir-S1 SAM systems in 2008
19:59 | 21/ 03/ 2008

TULA, March 21 (RIA Novosti) - Russia will deliver 24 Pantsir S1 (NATO reporting name SA-22 Greyhound) anti-aircraft surface-to-air missile systems in 2008, a first deputy prime minister said on Friday.

Sergei Ivanov said the missile manufacturer, the Tula-based Instrument Making Design Bureau (KPB), has so far signed contracts for a total of 64 systems.

He added that the system has been tested both in Russia and abroad on a variety of targets, proving its high effectiveness.

Ivanov did not say how many SAMs will be exported.

However, KPB CEO Alexander Rybas said a delegation from Syria will arrive in Tula April 15 on a pre-delivery inspection visit.

Pantsir-S1 is a short to medium range combined surface-to-air missile and anti-aircraft artillery weapon system mounted either on a variety of mobile or stationary platforms



The Pantsir-S1 is designed and manufactured by KBP Instrument Design Bureau.

KBP Instrument Design Bureau
59 Shcheglovskaya Zaseka St.,
300001 Tula, Russia
Fax: +7(4872) 42-6139
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

Telephone information service

+7(4872) 41-0068

Weapons and military equipment

+7(4872) 41-0210

Hunting arms

+7(4872) 27-0761, 27-0428

Medical lasers

+7(4872) 46-9616

Supply department

+7(4872) 46-9434

Personnel department

The KBP Instrument Design Bureau is one of the leading design companies in the Russian defense industry. It has developed over 140 models of weapons and military equipment, which were put into series production and introduced in service with the Russian Army. At present KBP represents a high-capacity research and production center that creates the state-of-the-art precision-guided weapons. Technical solutions embodied in the KBP developments incorporate over 5000 inventions.

+7(4872) 41-1348

 The Pantsir-S1 air defense missile/gun system is a leader of the short-range air defenses; it embodies all the provisions of the KBP-developed and realized concept of a multi-purpose short-range AD system, which ensures its superiority over foreign counterparts. It constitutes that missing link in the air defenses with introduction of which the air assets formations acquire highest effectiveness and stability in environment of intense ECM and counter-fire. And the entire structure of air defenses becomes highly adaptable to alterations in performance of air threat and modes of their combat application. On the whole, high performance missile/gun armament and adaptive control system for various battle conditions implemented in the weapon system render the Pantsir-S1 air defense missile/gun system one of the most advanced samples of the 21st century's highly intelligent weapons.

Pantsir- S1 is designed for Air Defense of small-size military and industrial objects and areas against aircraft, helicopters, cruise missiles and high-precision weapons, as well as AD groups coverage while repelling mass air threats.

System Distinctive Features:

  • Combined armament;
  • Effective engagement of all target types (foremost high-precision weapons and aviation means of their delivery) within the whole range of their combat application environments and counteraction capabilities, taking into account the prospects of their development till 2020–2025;
  • Use of sophisticated multi-mode adaptive radar-optical control system, functioning in several wave bands. This provides high jamming immunity and performance reliability;
  • Use of high-velocity and maneuverability SAM featuring high kill probability (0.7–0.95) against all target types;
  • Automatic combat operation mode - both autonomously and as a part of joint units;
  • Independent combat actions due to inherent target detection, tracking and engagement systems;
  • Modular design of the combat vehicle, enabling its versions on different carriers-wheeled, tracked and shelter variants.

System Components:

  • Combat vehicle (up to 6 CVs in a battery);
  • Battery command post;
  • SAMs;
  • 30mm rounds;
  • Transloader vehicles (1 vehicle for 2 CVs);
  • Training facilities;
  • Maintenance facilities;
  • Common SPTA kit.


Basic Characteristics
Ammunition load, pcs
   ready-to-fire missiles12
   30mm rounds1400
Control systemmultiple-band
Aircraft engagement zone, m:
   by missiles:
   by guns:
Reaction time, s4-6
Number of targets simultaneously fired at2
Fire on the move by SAMs and gunsprovided
(for CV on tracked chassis)



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Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SA-22


Last Updated ( Thursday, 17 April 2008 )
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